Review of the Literature
Table 2.1 Results from the current and three previous burden estimates
*Results from Gordois et al. (2012) include the US, Canada, and Cuba. Of note, the U.S. constitutes 87% of the total population of these three countries, and 94% of total healthcare expenditures.
**The current estimate, Access Economics 2007 and Gordois 2012 reported costs in disability adjusted life years (DALYs), while the PBA 2007 reported quality adjusted life years (QALYs). PBA 2007, Gordois 2012, and PBA 2013 assume a monetary cost of $50,000 per adjusted life year.