Direct costs are $66.8 billion (48% of total costs) and include medical costs for diagnosed disorders, medical costs attributable to low vision, medical vision aids, vision assistive devices and adaptations, and direct services including special education and assistance programs.
Direct Costs by Age Group (in $ millions)
Click on an age-group category to highlight the data.
|Cost Category||Age 0-17||Age 18-39||Age 40-64||Age 65+||All ages|
|Medical Vision Aids||1480||3335||6222||2199||13236|
|Undiagnosed Vision Loss||48||474||1702||798||3022|
Figure 2. Direct costs by cost category